Following the medical reform, the education will be the next in the 2009 reform of a system of public goods.
Education reform, not only concerned about the people's livelihood, but also China's future growth of civil society.
Fortunately, in the formulation of the education reform plan, we see a clear high-level judge and vigorously promote, but also to see that the Government views the introduction of the wider community's determination.
We are willing to record and promote a far-reaching changes will inevitably be affected, a series of reports for education reform.
Our reporter from authoritative sources that are being developed in the "national educational reform and development and long-term planning framework" (hereinafter referred to as "planning") may be in the middle of this year launched a program version, the whole society publicity.
January 4, the central government portal to "long-term education-oriented" as its title, published the full text of Premier Wen Jiabao at the national leading group for science and technology education at the meeting of the speech, Wen Jiabao said in the text, "the study and formulation of" national medium and long-term Educational Reform and Development Plan "is the current government must strive to do a good job in a major event."
In the January 2 the Ministry of Education announced in 2009 the focus has also clearly put forward, toward modernization, the world, facing the future, the masses of the people to develop a satisfactory, in line with China's national conditions and development requirements of the times of the planning framework Twelve years on the future of education reform and development of a comprehensive planning and deployment.
A massive education reform will be kicked off slowly.
Premier Wen Jiabao personally pushing
China's education for the existing problems, clearly thought-highest decision-making level, the development of "planning" has become of paramount importance. By the end of 2008, State Councilor Liu Yandong in Education Conference, said: "General Secretary Hu Jintao for this work are very concerned about and put forward clear demands. Premier Wen Jiabao attached great importance to, and personally served as head of the leading group planning framework."
Recently, Premier Wen Jiabao at the Central Party School's first speech, spoke of understanding on China's education, summarized in four sentences: It is now the development of education is not able to fully adapt to comprehensively building a well-off society; urgent need to improve the quality of education; education inputs that need to be increased; the educational system in urgent need of reform.
"The" planning "to develop, is a solution to this' one not suited, three urgent 'problem." Who participated in the "planning" to develop the education sector, said.
For this new "planning", Wen Jiabao, I have great expectations, "This is the 21st century education in China since the first plan, the development of a so that the people satisfied with China's national conditions and characteristics of the times of planning, the cause of China's educational development and the whole of great significance to the cause of modernization. "
August 29, 2008, as the National Science and Technology Education Leading Group of Premier Wen Jiabao personally chaired the National Science and Technology Education Leading Group for the first meeting to listen to the Ministry of Education on the development of "planning" the work of reporting, considered and passed in principle "planning" a program of work.
Since then, around "planning" the formulation of a new round of reform in the reform and opening up the occasion of the thirtieth anniversary of the formal breakdown.
It has been involved in "planning", a formulation experts, "from the current" planning "the progress of the formulation of view, in August 2009 is likely to launch a program will be issued to public in order to solicit the views of the community."
The National Education Development Research Center, director of the tension that the current "planning", "is entering depth research, widely众智set the stage, indeed the leadership of the State Council called for the full play to democracy, extensively solicit the opinions of the masses see you."
Major topics to be broken title
"As far as I know, the current outline of the research identified a total of 11 major themes, 36 sub-topics relating to all aspects of the field of education." As a group of experts engaged by the Ministry of Education, Beijing Institute of Technology College of Liberal Arts professor, Education in the 21st Century Development Institute president, said Professor Yang Dongping.
In accordance with the plan, "planning" will be mainly on the 2009 to 2020 to make arrangements for the reform and development. Twelve years as a guide future educational reform and development of a programmatic document, "Planning" the development process, emphasizing its economic and social development must be consistent with the overall plan to adapt, the principle of "overall, macroeconomic, and long-term and strategic . "
On the other hand, interoperability is also a reform can be carried out in an important guarantee. Therefore, the "planning" a combination of short-term goal is far, the total planning planning match, it becomes essential.
According to "planning" plan, which 12 years will also be phased planning, long-term objectives and measures with a well-off society in education linked to consider the request; lately planning finely with education "Eleventh Five-Year" Planning convergence, educational reform and development to maintain the systematic, continuous.
For the purposes of the overall plan, and is based on universal education, improve the quality as the core to determine the 2020 education reform and development of China's guiding ideology, strategic goals, the overall tasks, and major policies and measures on education scale, structure, quality, etc. specific requirements.
Classified planning, are mainly based on economic and social development and building an innovation-oriented country's needs, considering the population structure, industrial structure and employment structure of the new features, the reform and development of various types, specific objectives and policy measures.
Each classification of planning is the overall planning of distinctive part, including universities, secondary schools, primary schools, vocational education, pre-school education, lifelong education, private education and other development, will be categorized to make thematic planning.
"Planning must be strategic thinking and macro thinking, must have concrete policy measures to enhance operability." Wen stressed.
YANG Dong-ping, according to presentations, the "planning" group members are usually from within the education system, experts and scholars and officials of the Ministry of Education, include the National Education Development Research Center, the National Institute of Educational Administration, local education bureau and the Ministry of Education stakeholders. Research Group in the formulation of planning time, will be held at different levels and forums to listen to the views of all sides, the Ministry of Education in which the dominant position.
Gradual reform of local first pilot
As for the "planning" involved in the specific content of the education reform, Wen said that in the process of formulating plans need for a number of major issues "in-depth system to give a clear answer."
He referred to the eight aspects of education reform can also be seen as the key and difficult future.
For example, the issue of compulsory education, Wen Jiabao put forward the "good education to their students, and enhance the quality of learning." Community to reflect on the current quality of compulsory education in the uneven distribution of educational resources, we should identify the crux of the idea put forward to solve the problem and measures.
"I very much agree with the diversification of sources of funding for education, in the whole society to take advantage of Chongwenmen Shigenori resources of society as a whole, the work could also be included in our planning. We say that entrepreneurs who want to shed the blood of moral, and his profits society is the best investment in education. "Wen said.
YANG Dong-ping said that in the United States, many large enterprises that have become the last Government's education policy-making. However, very few Chinese entrepreneurs to invest in education over the issue of education is basically in a state of aphasia. "I hope the Government can provide more entrepreneurs to participate in education platform," YANG Dong-ping said, "perhaps for the deepening of education reform will play a very important role in promoting, this force should not be underestimated."
Someone in the education sector said that the Government take the stage of compulsory education is almost unlimited liability, in the non-compulsory education to assume any responsibility in the end, the border must be clear to the development of private education to stay out of what space, what incentive will certainly give us a clear answer .
"The government targeted the school to do positioning. Governments and schools are positioning after the entire community to support the education of such a function to do positioning," said the tension, "to solve the system from a macro to the micro-structure of a range of issues, The Government's responsibility is first of all must be defined clearly. "
On school reform, will also be the "planning" Another point.
The current reform ideas are: different types of school leadership structure and mode should be different, we must respect the autonomy of schools. Education policy, education system, education, distribution and investment in education, are acts of state should be responsible by the state. Specific to each school how to run, or should the schools, principals in charge.
Wen Jiabao stressed that education is the people's livelihood and society as a whole are very concerned about. The formulation of planning to open, fully listen to the views of the community, especially the principals, teachers, students and parents. Each type of planning and some major issues, you can get the whole society to discuss, "to seek consensus in the debate, it was accepted."
The 2009 education reform involving all levels of society, to participate in the aforementioned "planning" to develop the education sector, said it would be preferable to incremental reform, education reform, and adopt a gradual approach, from easy to difficult, from the start can be done start from the beginning of the pilot areas where conditions permit, and gradually the lessons learned, and gradually extended; instead of taking action of the stock, mutation of the reform.
"We hope that the formation of a place based on experience, gradually, step by step in a wider scope to promote a new pattern. This pattern of relatively low cost, although progress may be relatively slow, but we will not have to pay a very high price, high risk. "he said.
"Edge research side test, after the first pilot to promote the local" model, which has been high-level consensus, Wen Jiabao said that the educational reform and development can not wait for a lot of work to do a good job of planning the whole before, "Once some of the things, you can be pilot, the immediate implementation of the pilot project is successful, and this is our current planning a feature. "
And Liu in the national education conference, said: "We should work out plans to tackle the pressing issues and combine Once the problem is necessary to address the major problems to persist in the pilot first, these trials are successful, and achieved the surface of mature experience promotion. "