The new changes the new development calls for a new way of thinking the new location - the next 10 to 20 years of military technology and equipment development trend outlook
Introduction the next 20 years, is China's national defense and army building good an important period of fast development. Forearmed lap, and without prejudging the waste. Stand in order to lead the forefront of development, seize the clearance
Key advantage to win. The next 10-20 years, the impact of the world's military technology and weaponry development fulcrum Where? How science and technology for the army's transformation and development of weapons and equipment to explore the "road map"? With these thinking reporter recently visited our military leaders in related fields. Experts wise thinking, sharp point of view for our insight into the future has opened up a window.
Should be discarded to imitate style, trailing type, passive follow-up development ideas
Reporter: focus on enhancing information technology to win local wars under the conditions of the capacity of the core, the future of weapons and equipment in the guiding ideology which should grasp the key points?
ZHAO YONG FU: construction equipment must be focused on the future strategic requirements of the new changes, based on response to a variety of security threats, complete diversified military tasks, in accordance with the overall direction of development in transition, focusing on the task of fulfilling the mission should have the operational capacity, eliminating imitate style, tail-style, passive follow-up development ideas, and actively push forward from mechanization to information technology change, and strive to build a combination of distance, land, sea and air power one day with new equipment, system, change the growth mode of combat capability, through the overall improvement of local jump drive. In order to shorten the gap with the world advanced level, the key is to independent innovation as a strategic point, adhering to the development characteristics, to break the "opponent on the development of what we are about" building mode, in accordance with the "You hit you, and I hit my" operational thinking, "You build yours, and I built my" principle and equipment development, focusing the world's military technology and weaponry development, according to the new operational ideas, new operational concepts, and to enhance the demand for predictive analysis equipment, and promote the development of military science and technology.
Information-led force to strengthen the "Building for the War"
Reporter: "Building for the war" should become a consistent development ideas?
ZHAO YONG FU: Yes. In terms of equipment development, to strengthen the "built for the war" the idea of the establishment of information power in the combat capability of the various elements of a dominant position is the most important. The development of future weapons and equipment should be based on information-oriented construction of the system a priority, focus on overall planning, into a system in accordance with the planning, into a system, into a delivery system for the pilot's request, and handle well the main battle equipment and comprehensive support the simultaneous development of equipment the relationship between the equipment system to ensure that the overall effort.
ZHANG XUE YU: Information warfare is a battleground in the digital environment, information-led joint operations. In the digitized battlefield, through complex integration, complementary advantages, to achieve all-weather day when the battlefield awareness, advanced combat command and control system integration for a unified, seamless, secure, reliable, efficient, three-dimensional network operations, to share the battlefield posture, so that the number of enemy forces to achieve first discovered that the first enemy action, to fight and win.
Yang: To improve the overall information power, multi-tool, multi-channel use of information technology is an inevitable move. First of all, develop a new generation of sensors, to enhance the ability to obtain information at the same time, the use of network technology to build the theater as well as wide-area coverage of the information network in order to more efficiently manage the implementation of the battlefield to meet the information massive, rapid and seamless flow of huge military needs; and extensive use of Smart technology, strengthen the combat system to support decision-making function.
High reliability, anti-jamming and anti-destroy C4KISR integration system is the soul of the digitized battlefield
Reporter: It is reported that U.S. military plans in 2020 will be before and after the Global Information Grid (GIG), based on completed C4KISR systems, information systems and precision strike more closely together as one, how about this trend?
Lu Gang: Anti-way through the soft and hard to win information superiority to win the war is an important prerequisite for superiority. Strengthening the integrated electronic information system, is to play all kinds of information-based weapons and equipment performance, multi-services basis of joint operations. Before and after 2020, the United States will build a Global Information Grid (GIG), the realization of computer network, sensor networks and weapons of highly integrated platform for network integration. By then, the network of information warfare offensive will become an important form of combat, various types of network attack weapons and protective equipment will be developed rapidly.
ZHANG XUE YU: C4KISR system completed, will greatly shorten the reconnaissance - the fight against time. The most representative, the U.S. Army Future Combat Systems (FCS). FCS has so far as the U.S. Army's largest weapons system development program, to become integrated in almost all operational functions of the Army's "system of systems", has attracted worldwide attention. In addition, the British also announced that the rapid development of future work system (FRES); the French army also raised the open space combat system integration (BOA); Russia is committed to the development in line with their national conditions "reconnaissance against the integration of weapons systems." Therefore, build an integrated system C4KISR equipment development has become a major trend.
Unmanned air combat forces will become the new hot spot for race
Reporter: Today, in countries booth equipment, unmanned aerial vehicles are the new darling, where will the future development of unmanned aerial vehicles?
ZHANG XUE YU: low-cost UAV simple structure, able to adapt to harsh battlefield environment, has become a new hot spot for development. The future of foreign armed forces will be assigned to various types of unmanned aerial vehicles to the division, brigade, battalion, company, platoon at all levels, micro-UAV classes and equipment to undertake reconnaissance and surveillance, damage assessment, communications relay until the firepower to combat mission.
Lu Gang: UAV platform performance, are from low-altitude, low speed, small load continued to high-altitude, high-speed, long voyage, the high-stealth, big load expansion; functions from the main implementation of reconnaissance and surveillance, battlefield assessment, electronic confrontation, such as combat support missions, to keep the Executive-to-ground firepower to combat or even to carry out tasks such as expansion of air fighting. It is learned that the U.S. Air Force has clearly put forward before and after 2025 will be the number of unmanned combat aircraft to meet its land-attack aircraft and about one-third of the total; British Air Force are also focus on the development of the "no man's combat aviation system," with F-35 together constitute the main force for the future of air strikes; Europe "neurons," unmanned combat aircraft project has been officially launched.
Space-based information and firepower to combat the offensive and defensive weapons systems become the winning weight
Reporter: If we say that the 19th century the threat of war, mainly from the sea, the 20th century the threat of war, mainly from the sky, then how should we understand the 21st century air and space from the growing threat?
Lu Gang: War practice has shown that space-based information support under the comprehensive combat effectiveness of air power will be a qualitative upgrading. With the acceleration of the process of militarization of space, the United States and Russia and other countries aimed at the future of air and space against the demand, in order to speed up the development of the space plane for an important breakthrough in efforts to build the integration of aerospace systems and equipment, in order to compete for air and space superiority, to seize the strategic high ground to lay a future war basis. Before and after 2020, foreign to land / space-based laser weapons, kinetic kill weapons and the space plane, as represented by the integration of air and space equipment will be gradually put into use.
Anti-missile air defense by the main anti-aircraft mainly to the anti-aircraft, anti-missile and anti-satellite and try to expand
Reporter: For its active country in terms of defensive strategy, and equipment development of future air defense operations center where?
ZHANG XUE YU: the future of the battlefield is three-dimensional, the army's air defense anti-missile equipment developed to focus on the development of an integrated system for the gun on behalf of the short-range air defense system to intercept missiles (or interceptors) systems, mobile tactical high-energy laser weapons, as represented by in a remote field air defense anti-missile systems. Armed helicopters, as the air assault force of local wars in the information will play an increasingly important role.
Lu Gang: aircraft, missiles and other offensive equipment directly stimulating the rapid development of air defense anti-missile weapons systems development by leaps and bounds. Is expected in 2020, the advanced countries will take the lead in achieving the foundation, and satellite and other space-based early warning detection platform and combat aircraft surface-to-air weapons systems, such as interoperability, the formation of aerodynamic goals far in the short-range, high, medium and low capacity of multi-storey block, as well as the increase in ballistic missiles paragraph, the middle, the end of the whole interception capability, build anti-missile air defense and anti-day operational integration of defense systems.
Yang: to deal with multiple warheads and decoys, to intercept the flight segment with a different degree of ballistic missiles, is to build the future of "Operation Defensive Shield" key.
The new concept of cutting-edge weapons and equipment will become the battlefield
Reporter: high-tech weapons and equipment for the development of an important effect is a new concept of continuous physical and chemical weapons, and its trend?
Yang: the future of laser weapons technology will gradually mature, and with strategic anti-wei, that is, that is aiming to fight, that is, that is destroying the ability to fight effectively against high-speed, large mobile aerial targets, enriched to-air defense capability; sound energy weapons technology, will be to equip a new means of protection; wide breakthrough in stealth technology and integrated applications, will enhance the weapons complex stealth performance; hypersonic missile technology is the future of weapons technology to combat the new commanding heights for the future battlefield, the rapid concentration of firepower operational concepts will play a an important support role; missile launchers is the direction of development of "plug and play", with different diameter missile launchers hidden; electromagnetic pulse technology will be materialized for the future of the important weapons information operations; electromagnetic rail gun will become a land of long-range strike newcomers.
Lu Gang: It is learned that the United States is using Boeing 747 aircraft, as contained in the development of airborne high-energy laser weapon system has been breakthrough progress in a number of sorties completed verification testing, can be directly destroy ballistic missiles, space satellites and other space craft. Many countries are also focus on the development of other directed-energy weapons, kinetic energy weapons and weather weapons, both before and after 2020, many new concept weapons will have combat capability.
Transformation of active service equipment with emphasis on upgrading the battlefield situational awareness and ability to make comprehensive use of information
Reporter: The transformation of active service equipment has always been a fast upgrading of equipment and good operational effectiveness of the shortcut, the information age transformation equipment which way?
Lu Gang: The active-duty equipment for information technology transformation is to improve equipment performance, play equipment potential, taking into less-effective development path important choice. Foreign armed forces attaches great importance to the active main battle equipment, information technology transformation, such as in 2020 the United States and Russia and other countries before and after the principal planes the Air Force will have completed a higher level of information technology transformation, network-based form of air warfare has been evolving and equipment system overall performance will be to maximize.
ZHANG XUE YU: the use of comprehensive development of advanced technologies, on the main battle weapons and equipment to digitize and integration of "transformation" and "new research" in order to rapidly enhance the integration, independent of combat capability, it is the development of future weapons and equipment across a major feature of .
New materials, new technology and equipment development is still an important driving traction
Reporter: In the development of construction equipment, why has repeatedly stressed that the key to breakthroughs in core technology?
ZHAO YONG FU: breakthroughs in key technologies and equipment for the construction of a major impact, we must insist on combining military and civilian, the military put the principle of the people, adhere to independent innovation and introduction of the principle of combining absorption, good co-ordination of military technology and civilian technology, general technology and special technology, Model Technology and pre-research technology, traditional technology and the new concept of technology, virtual reality technology with technology, equipment and technology to ensure sustainable development.
ZHANG XUE YU: U.S. forces in the development of Future Combat System, through the combined application of new armor materials, take the initiative to protect and promote hybrid technologies such as rubber track, in ensuring protection and survivability equipment, while its combat vehicles than the current heavy tanks , weight 70%, volume decreased by 50%.
Yang: Recently, a number of foreign navy new and innovative ships, in multi-catamaran, composite ship, etc. continue to make a major breakthrough; next attack submarines, such as halibut-type, double size, type, such as cluster came out one after another; addition , all-electric propulsion, a new type of nuclear power and propulsion technology superconducting magnetic fluid, all-too-apparent.