China and American military exchanges suspended five times the inside story: The crux of the problem in the United States
China and American military relations back each time by the United States to interfere in China's internal affairs arising from International Herald Tribune reporter Xiong Yan, left into Portland from Beijing "in October this year, China to protest U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, canceled military exchanges with the United States, this is the Sino-US military exchanges since 1989, the 5th interruption . "Center for Naval Analysis (CNA) in Asia and China Ping Dewei, director of research projects (David M. Finkelstein) a few days ago in the U.S." Washington Post "said that such an interview. It is understood that this 5th interruption occurred in 1989, 1996, 1999, 2001 and this year. Less than 20 years, Sino-US military exchanges are frequently interrupted? What are the events leading to the ups and downs in relations between the two militaries? Military relations between China and the United States why it is so sensitive and fragile and vulnerable? From the "89-year sanctions" to "Taiwan Strait crisis" Back to the time in 1989. This year is a watershed in the history of relations between the two armies. 80 Sino-US military exchanges can be described as "thriving", not only between the two armed forces in all military services, the level military delegation visits stream, and even in some sensitive areas of the United States has offered to cooperate with China. And even China to the U.S. military at the time of the sale of advanced U.S. "Black Hawk" helicopter gunships to help the Chinese Air Force to upgrade and improve the Shenyang J-8 fighter. However, due to China at the turn of spring and summer of political turmoil, U.S. President George W. Bush on June 5 announced that China's "sanctions" and all-round relations between the two countries back, and military exchanges also halted. The United States has not yet been completed to help Chinese Shenyang J-8 fighter conversion projects are also on this end, and that aircraft have not yet installed the "organs" of the prototype has also been sleeping in the United States in aircraft manufacturing plant. Until October 1994, the United States Defense Secretary William Perry's visit to China marks the only break of 5 years to resume high-level exchanges between the two armed forces. Unfortunately, not last. In May 1995, the Clinton administration agreed with Lee Teng-hui brazenly declared that the United States, breaking the nearly 17 years the Taiwan authorities are not allowed to visit the United States at the highest levels of leadership, "the ban." Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States fell to its lowest point, which is the restoration of bilateral military exchanges were also stopped. In July 1995 and March 1996, China conducted two large-scale missile launch exercises in America, in shock. Since then, the efforts of both sides, with the relations between the two countries from "negative" to "clear", and the exchange of visits between the two armed forces has gradually increased. Defense to the December 1996 visit to the United States. In March 1997, Chinese naval fleet's first visit to the United States. Bombing, the collision-opened again, "car" However, in May 1999, the United States bombed the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia, re-opening of Sino-US relations, "reversing." Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman was postponed high-level contacts between China and the United States armed forces. April 1, 2001, the United States in the Western Pacific reconnaissance plane intruded into Chinese airspace near Hainan Island, China and the United States military aircraft collision between the two armed forces, relations between the two armies down to the "freezing point", military exchanges and visits, a comprehensive halt. In the meantime, the United States also announced the sale of a large number of advanced weapons to Taiwan, as a protest, China has rejected U.S. warships moored in Hong Kong. On the people in China and the United States hard to find "ice-breaking" good, the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York, sudden "9.11", to overthrow the existing international situation, the United States changed the strategic military , And quickly to save the Sino-US military relations, and exchanges between the two armed forces to a new level. The two sides not only established a vice-ministerial mechanism for regular consultations and the establishment of a multi-level exchange of military personnel and students to visit the system, but also the establishment of a state of emergency in a number of direct conflict under circumvent the system. In 2003, Defense Minister Cao Gangchuan visited the United States, marking the resumption of all-round exchange between the two armed forces. End arms sales to Taiwan 7-year run By October 3, 2008, in the fast lane running on a 7-year Sino-US military exchanges because the U.S. government to the Taiwan authorities to sell more than the value of 6,000,000,000 U.S. dollars of advanced weapons, and once again, "derailed." Chinese Ministry of National Defense Foreign Affairs Office, Major General Qian Lihua said that China since October have been canceled since the U.S. military with a number of exchange visits and other activities, but he did not disclose what activities are affected. Defense Ministry spokesman in an HU CHANGMING "International Herald Tribune" said that failure was not accurate. "For various exchange programs between China and the United States, we have different arrangements, we removed part of the exchange, to postpone a number of exchange activities." On how soon we can resume, officials of the Ministry of National Defense said that this depends on the United States, "the United States must immediately remove the arms sales to Taiwan, stop military ties with the United States and Taiwan." "Keys" in the hands of the United States Military relations are relations of the most sensitive and most "wind vane" features. An experienced the ups and downs in Sino-US military exchanges with China's former military attache in the United States said on Sino-US military relations, the Sino-US relations, it has always been the most vulnerable, the most sensitive and most vulnerable to damage a level, and Even if relations between the two countries to resume normal military relations between the two countries are also slow the recovery of most. Chinese military experts to recall some of the Sino-US military exchanges since the establishment of diplomatic history that it has such a "law of volatility": warming up - frustrated - down - to restore - heating up again - a further setback - and then cool down - again Resume. At present, Sino-US military exchanges are still not out of this tortuous process. Military expert Peng Guangqian of the view that the Sino-US military exchanges between the duration of the heat can not depend on China but on the United States. On the normal development of Sino-US military relations, the Chinese have the greatest sincerity. The crux of the problem is not China challenges the United States, but the United States to China bias. "Sino-US military relations back each time by the United States to interfere in China's internal affairs and damage China's national sovereignty caused." "The Taiwan issue in Sino-US military exchanges between the test is the touchstone." Peng Guangqian said. US-Taiwan military support for Taiwan's separatist forces is one of the important reasons have nothing to fear. If it does not fundamentally give up this practice, the military exchanges between China and the United States, sooner or later, also ran aground. Center for American Studies at Fudan University Professor Wu Xinbo of the view that from the history of Sino-US military exchanges, in the relatively stable Sino-US relations, the United States are often out of their own strategic considerations and on an increase in the exchange, and increasing the level of exchanges between the proposal; in emergencies The incident led to the interruption of communication between the two armed forces, also proposed by the United States to resume. "The United States holds the military exchanges between the two sides' key '." Professor Wu Xinbo argued that it is the so-called "knot system needs to end it," the United States correct its attitude to military exchanges between China and the United States is the key to the future.