Chinese poverty-stricken population has decreased to 1,400 million
China National Bureau of Statistics survey of rural socio-economic deputy director, senior statistician Zhao Jianhua, said today that China's anti-poverty efforts in the world is attracting worldwide attention by the international community at large. At the beginning of reform and opening up, there are 250,000,000 poverty population, by 2007, only poor people more than 1400 million, the incidence of poverty declined from 30.7 percent to 1.6 percent. Zhao Jianhua in the "reform and opening up the agricultural rural development achievements" on-line forum said. Zhao Jianhua said that the 30 years since reform and opening up, China's agriculture and the great achievements made by farmers, mainly in three areas: First, the rapid development of agricultural production, the solution to China more than 10 billion people to feed, the international community has highly commended. In the mid-1990s, China's total grain reached a basic balance in the situation, the situation in the country as a whole to the development of the national economy and raising people's living standards has laid a very good foundation. In 2007 the per capita grain possession of 381 kilograms more than in 1978 to increase 19.4 percent; 5.8 kg of cotton, an increase of 1.5 times; 19 kg of oil, an increase of 2.5 times; meat, 52 kg per capita, an increase of 4.3 times; 36 kilograms of aquatic products, an increase of 6.3 times. Second, agriculture, rural economic structure has undergone profound changes. This change is reflected in the three main levels: The first is agricultural. The main grain in the past, mainly farming and agriculture is now in-house, the proportion of farming has dropped by 52%, a decrease of more than 20 percentage points, while the proportion of animal husbandry, an increase of 18 percentage points to 30% more. At the same time, the fishing industry has increased by nearly 8 percentage points. Second, the regional inter-change. With economic development, rural economic development, agriculture and professional, regional patterns of production has been basically formed. 13 major grain-producing province of the country's total grain production of more than 70%, provided by the country's total grain production of more than 80%. In the past has said that the South to the north of the grain situation is now gone forever. 13 concentrated in major grain-producing provinces in the north, is now the North grain south. Sichuan, Hunan and so on the 13 main pig producing province of pork production has accounted for more than 75% of the country. Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, 7 milk producing province of the owners of milk production accounted for 60% of the country. Third, the entire rural economy, structural changes in the past by farmers for growing grain-based farming, the employment structure is changing, rise of township enterprises to absorb a great deal of liberating the land from the rural labor force, at the same time a large number of migrant rural labor force Workers, 1.3 million rural labor force and above the township level to the geographical scope of the work, making the entire structure of the rural economy have taken place in very large changes in the employment of the rural labor force, according to the second national agriculture census, now nearly 30% of the agricultural staff Engaged in non-agricultural production, 70% engaged in agricultural production. Third, changes in the income of the farmers. The early reform and opening-up, per capita income of farmers, only 136 of money by 2007, revenue reached more than 4100 yuan. After adjusting for price factors, the average annual growth rate of 7.1 percent, up very fast. Due to changes in the structure of employment, increase farmers income workers, such as farming income. The structure of the income of the farmers has changed, no longer based on agriculture, no longer based on income, in the past into a kind of income are now a lot of cash income.