China strongly to avoid financial crisis triggered large-scale unemployment
Workers in steel-making process is relatively lucky day peak in the Asian financial crisis, as the iron and steel Rizhao Steel Works Ltd., a second general staff, although he would leave at home, but did not completely lose their jobs. A month ago the company in accordance with a written commitment, the rest he can get the local minimum living benefit, on the other hand, can be a month from the factory a few hundred dollars to get subsidies, such as iron and steel market rebound, he and other parts of the Workers will be recalled priority factory, return to prostitution. Cheng Feng-day situation of the financial crisis is part of China under the affected businesses in microcosm. Reductions to improve efficiency to become some of the current business operators to consider for the survival of the upset. In the transfer of surplus rural labor is extremely adverse situation, the Chinese government has repeatedly said it would increase employment stability, and try our best to avoid financial crisis occurred as a result of regional scale unemployment. End of the year was held in Beijing's Central Economic Work Conference, the Chinese leadership that the economic work next year the most important task is "to maintain stable and rapid economic development", and "the focus of economic work next year the mandate" will continue to increase employment Support to improve people's livelihood as an important one. Analysts pointed out that the financial crisis highlighted the negative effect of increasing, employment stability at the moment the first thing is to avoid large-scale unemployment, but the business part of the current transfer out of the living conditions of people are not optimistic about the message. From the second half of last year, the United States sub-loan crisis triggered by the start of the financial crisis sweeping the globe. With the major developed economies into recession, China's economy is highly dependent on external demand decreased significantly. According to Chinese Customs statistics, in November, China's exports to the same period last year appeared for the first time since the 7-year negative growth rate of 2.2%. External demand led to reduced domestic raw material prices. Since by the end of August, the Chinese steel market remains in the doldrums a few months, the sunshine of the private iron and steel enterprises monthly losses of up to several hundred million dollars, a large number of high-priced long-term inventory backlog. "With the increasingly serious situation in the market, huge losses Driven to despair, we finally lay off 476 people, temporary arrangements for the 1840 holiday people." Japanese steel double-chairman of the Du said. "If we do not take drastic measures, we can only sit watching on steel ship with all the staff together to tragic sinking," he added, "are to lose their overall, it is better to live off wrist." For the enterprise, day-feng said: "We understand the business, is willing to work with businesses to tide over the crisis, waiting for the market turns for the better when they come back." And on the day in the troubled steel Not long ago, a large toy companies in Guangdong, which closed down suddenly, more than 7,000 workers lost their jobs. To mid-November, the largest labor exports from the coastal province of Hubei in advance of the return of migrant workers in the past two months, the number reached 300,000, to prevent large-scale unemployment has gradually become the local governments face real problems. At the same time, according to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences predicts that by the end of this year China will be 1,000,000 jobs can not be university graduates. Human Resources and Social Security recently said that next year the number of university graduates will reach 6,100,000, will further aggravate the severe employment situation. Japan Steel laid off soon after the enterprise is located in Shandong Province promulgated a regulation and control efforts to increase the unemployment measures, provided for a one-time enterprises lay off more than 40 people, to the departments of Labor and Social Security for approval before implementation. Statistics show that in the first three quarters, the provincial towns of newly registered 679,900 unemployed people, an increase of 1.95 percent. Immediately to prevent a scale of the fighting unemployment gradually started in various parts of China. So far, Shandong, Hubei, Jilin, Jiangsu, Shanxi, Hainan and other places of business conduct layoffs were expressly limits are not allowed to corporate layoffs, cuts to achieve a certain number of local labor and social security departments and the General Assembly to declare on behalf of the workers, granted Before the implementation. But experts worry that, at present, some companies did not lift the trade unions and labor relations, but in a production enterprise, and a half of the production situation, which in fact some of the workers put in long, and so orders, hidden unemployment in the state. "Prevention of unemployment will ultimately have to increase job opportunities, the economic slowdown in the employment of the pulling effect of the weaker, the next step we will further increase support for the venture, to play a strong entrepreneurial drive of the employment multiplier effect, at the same time to promote small and medium enterprises Development. "Shandong Province Labor and Social Security Office of the Deputy Director Li Boping said. According to the provisions of the United Nations statistical standards, China's employment pressure on the rest of the world is second to none. China's working-age population over 900,000,000, match, Japan, Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Canada 7 this population of developed countries, more than 300,000,000 people. In accordance with the deployment of next year China will increase financial services sector and support small and medium enterprises to absorb more labor. At the same time, the Government has put forward, it is necessary to maximize the development of the rural labor force and rural employment channels to increase the internal space. Prior to this, China launched a 4 trillion investment plan to expand domestic demand, only railway investment, next year will be able to increase the 6,000,000 jobs. Human Resources and Social Security Ministry, the state is doing everything possible to help the business, the expansion of employment; organizations to carry out large-scale vocational training so that workers can not find a temporary increase in skills.